We experimented with stop motion by using a camera to take pictures. We did this by using single shots in 24fps. We had a model that we moved slightly between every shot. Whilst we moved the model, however, we made sure to keep everything else in the same position in order to maintain a sense of continuity.
As seen in the screenshots, the model is moving slightly in each picture. If these photos were to be looped through quickly then an impression would be created in the human mind of there being one moving image. We had to make sure that the movements the model made were very slight so that it seemed like he was moving normally and that there were not separate images of him.
The strengths of using this stop motion technique is that it can be done with just one camera and by pressing just one button. Also, by using the camera, we can keep track of what the model has been doing by looking back over previous photos to make sure that continuity stays on point.
There are some weaknesses to this technique. One is that it is very time consuming as we had to take lots and lots of pictures in order to maintain a fluid sense of animation. Another weakness is that it took a lot of care and concentration to maintain the continuity as we could not alter the position of any of the pens on the floor. It was also difficult maintaining the continuity of the model as it was hard for him to stay in the same position without moving or itching himself.
One of the first examples of stop motion is credited to Albert E. Smith and Stuart Blackton for ‘The Humpty Dumpty Circus’. This was an animation which featured a toy circus with acrobats and animals. Stop motion is used to make the acrobats move and to make the animals move around.