FPS is effectively the amount of frames that are captured every second. This means that the higher the FPS, the more frames that are captured. In stop motion, filming is always in 24fps. This is important because it means that the picture is smooth if enough shots are taken and edited together. The FPS will determine how quickly and smoothly shots can flow together.
The strength of the frame rates of stop motion productions are that if you do double shots then the process can be less time consuming. However, these can sometimes effect the quality of the production. ‘Shaun the Sheep’ uses this technique but the quality remains the same. This means that, although the editing process may take slightly longer due to the larger amount of shots, the filming process won’t take as long.
The biggest weakness of stop motion animation is that it is very time consuming if you want to keep the smoothness of the video and want to keep the quality of a high grade. This means that a lot of work has to go into producing even a short stop motion video. If a normal video is filmed in 24fps then 24 separate photos would have to be taken and edited in every second in order to reach the same levels of quality. This can take an extremely long time to film and edit.
An example of a use of stop motion using 24fps is Aardman Studios’ animated film ‘Chicken Run’, pictured below.